Multiple-Approach Studies and Method Compilations
The most comprehensive lists of group and community processes we've
found so far
National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation's favorite methodologies
20+ basic methodologies, well described
Approaches, Processes and Organizations
Tom Atlee's original list of over 30 approaches to facilitate co-intelligence
Public Participation Programs"
A number of approaches to integrating multiple processes together
into coherent community programs. Processes mentioned in this article
are described briefly on "Approaches
to Community Engagement and the Generation of Community Wisdom"
which contains about 50 processes.
Building Capacity to Facilitate Multi-Stakeholder Processes and
Social Learning -- including methodologies, process tools, and facilitation
for Community Consultation" by Dr. Lyn Carson and Dr. Katharine
Discussion of principles for making consultation work, plus seven
specific methods. (PDF)
for Community Support and Research - Wichita State University
Many know-how resources for communities.
Alliance for Regional Stewardship's "Empowering
Regions: Strategies and Tools for Community Decision Making"
Excellent discussion of categories of tools (rather than specific
tools), including case studies. Includes Information Tools, Visualization
Tools, Impact Analysis Tools, GIS and Modeling Techniques and Community
Process Tools. (PDF)
A Call to Move Beyond Public
Opinion to Public Judgment
Includes dozens of processes in categories, with links.
BOOKS describing many processes include:
Tom Atlee: THE TAO OF
DEMOCRACY: USING CO-INTELLIGENCE TO CREATE A WORLD THAT WORKS FOR
ALL. Describes and links hundreds of approaches to co-intelligence.
Peggy Holman, Tom Devane and Steven Cady (eds): THE
CHANGE HANDBOOK: THE DEFINITIVE RESOURCE ON TODAY'S BEST METHODS
FOR ENGAGING WHOLE SYSTEMS. Describes and compares 61 methods
used in organizational and community work. Includes chapters on
underlying dynamics, commonalities, choosing processes, and the
future of this field.
Ortwin Renn et al. (eds): FAIRNESS
AND COMPETENCE IN CITIZEN PARTICIPATION: EVALUATING MODELS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL
DISCOURSE. Includes detailed descriptions and critiques of 8
leading environmental participation methods.
Archon Fung and Erik Olin Wright: DEEPENING
DEMOCRACY: INSTITUTIONAL INNOVATIONS IN EMPOWERED PARTICIPATORY
GOVERNANCE. Describes in great detail several inspiring major
participation initiatives around the world. Includes critiques.
Lyn Carson and Brian Martin: RANDOM
SELECTION IN POLITICS has an appendix briefly describing 43
approaches. The main text has more detailed descriptions of a number
of models that use random selection, such as citizen juries.
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